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如何写好托福写作开头?四步骤了解一下

阅读:130 发布日期:2019-02-01 13:52:28

  托福写作的开头段对于整篇文章的评分至关重要。一个优秀的开头段不仅能给考官留下很好的印象也能提升文章的整体评价。那么如何才能写好托福写作的开头段呢?今天小编就给大家介绍下托福写作开头怎么轻松四步解决。  

  托福写的开头段对于整篇文章的评分至关重要。一个优秀的开头段不仅能给考官留下很好的印象也能提升文章的整体评价。那么如何才能写好托福写作的开头段呢?今天小编就给大家介绍下托福写作开头怎么轻松四步解决。

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  开头段是独立写作的起始,也是引入话题、提出作者观点的重要段落。在首段中,分别按照一引二扣三观四铺的顺序进行习作。其中第一步是引入话题,即进行话题的背景讨论,第二步是扣题,即点明议论文要讨论的话题,第三步是观点陈述,即作者针对话题提出自己的论点,第四步是铺垫下文,即为议论文的主体段做好逻辑铺垫。

  第一步:如何引入话题?

  首先确定题目讨论哪个方向的问题,然后以这个问题为中心,写一句介绍性的话。

  例题1:Do you agree ordisagree with the following statement: People who develop different skills aremore successful than people who develop one skill only. (你是否同意,越成功的人所具备的技能越多?)

  这个题目讨论的是个人成功(personal achievement) 所需 different skills 还是 one skill only 是本题所要包含的要素。有特点的引入而非套用模板的开头能成为文章的一大亮点。通常来说,一个好的引入可以控制在一句话的长度。

  话题引入是在破题过程中思考出的内容,用英语表达出来。下面是几个针对例题1写出的引言,供大家参考。

  1. People have long been interested in identifying the forcesthat contribute to personal achievement.

  2. In recent years, much more attention than ever before hasbeen paid to the contributing skills of successful people.

  3. The importance of mastering multiple skill to one’s successis a matter of debate.

  4. Undoubtedly, more and more successful people are developing awide range of skill sets to maintain their competitive advantages.

  5. According to a recent survey, more than 80% of the successfulpeople in the world are those who have mastered skills from various theoreticalor practical sources.

  考生可以记住一些开头句型,比如the importance of … to … is a matter of debate等,熟练应用到不同题目的练习中去,就可以在考场上迅速写出引入部分了。

  第二步:如何扣紧题目?

  第二步的作用是改写题目,点明论题。考生在这里要切忌抄写题目,此处所要展现的是用其他的表现形式,特别是一些相对高级的句型来进行对题目的同义改写,目的是突出考生的语言表达能力。

  这里我们为考生们推荐三个实用的句型,从而帮助实现高效的同义改写:

  经典句型:

  1. Whether successful people has been relying on single skill ora wide range of skill sets has been a topic/an issue of public interest andconcern.

  2. There is much controversy over whether to be equipped withone skill or to master a variety of skills so as to achieve personal success.

  3. People have not reached a common agreement over whether it isone skill only or multiple skills that lead to a person’s success.

  类似的句子结构还有很多,考生可以在学习高分范文的过程中不断积累。

  第三步:如何进行观点陈述?

  观点句是首段中最重要的句子,旨在表明立意,阐明考生对题目中的论题所持的态度。在写观点句时,考生也可以先提及他人对论题的看法,再说明自己的观点。

  下面是一些阐明立场的常见写法:

  表示支持:

  My personal view is that various skills and capabilities are ofbenefits to personal achievement.

  或者反对:

  I am convinced that those who concentrating on one particularsophistication are more likely to achieve success.

  提出他人看法的句型:

  Some people hold the view that it is the one particular skillwill positively lead to personal success, while others believe that is themastering of wide range skills is the ultimate reason. Frankly, the latterstandpoint, I believe, is more acceptable, …

  第四步: 如何写好铺垫句?

  铺垫句的目的既是过渡,也是向考官简要地陈述下文发展的方向,

  Based on the analysis for the factors to a person’s achievement, I believe the single skill is more convincing,especially when its potential impact on achievement is maximized and itspossible influence to the achiever’s development istaken into consideration. (起引导作用,又有实际内容)

  相信通过平时的积累,考生一定可以总结出更为多样化的铺垫句写作方式。

  最后

  在首段中,只要考生按照一引二扣三观四铺的方法进行写作,一般在5-8分钟内即可完成60-80字逻辑严谨的开头段。因此,请考生们在备考期间,一定尽可能按照这四个步骤反复练习,在考场上才能灵活,熟练应用。


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