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雅思写作语言的表达方式有哪些?

阅读:137 发布日期:2019-02-12 17:43:16

  雅思写作提高的最好的方法就是多写多练,这也是能够在短时间提高雅思写作能力最快的一条捷径。对于一些想要在短时间内,想要拿到雅思写作高分的考生们,快来看看老师为大家罗列出的一些雅思中表达观点时常用的表达方式。

  雅思写作提高的最好的方法就是多写多练,这也是能够在短时间提高雅思写作能力最快的一条捷径。对于一些想要在短时间内,想要拿到雅思写作高分的考生们,快来看看老师为大家罗列出的一些雅思中表达观点时常用的表达方式。

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  1. 表达受到影响 (好处或坏处)

  • influence =impact= affect v. 影响( ~a decision/outcome/choice etc 影响决定/结果/选择等)

  三个动词在大部分情况下基本都可以作替换使用。

  influence 与 impact还经常作名词使用, 另外effect 也常作n.

  • produce/ exert/have an(positive/negative......)influence/ effect/ impact on/upon sb/ sth

  对.....产生影响

  [例句] Technology exerts a powerful influence over our lives. 科技对我们的生活产生强大的影响

  2. 有助于......; 对.....有益 (经常用来论证advantage方面)

  • 巧用benefit (v./n.)

  Sb benefit from 从....中获益

  Sth benefit sb sth有益于sb

  .....bring benefits to .... 给....带来利益

  Be beneficial to 对...有益

  另外此结构可替换adj,来达到表达多样性,如:

  • Be helpful / conducive/ beneficial / useful / advantageous to

  [例句] The development of relations between any countries should be conducive to maintaining world peace and promoting common development. 任何国家之间发展关系,都应该有利于维护世界和平、促进共同发展。

  • contribute to......有助于……

  • serve the purpose of .... 有助于...(的目的)

  3. 不利于......; 对.....有害 (经常用来论证disadvantage方面)

  • be damaging/ detrimental /harmful/ disadvantageous/destructive to.....

  [例句] Sitting in front of a screen for too long can be damaging to both the eyes and the physical posture of a young child. (C 6)

  [例句] Over development is destructive to the financial system as well as the environment.

  • destroy =impair =damage=hurt= undermine = jeopardize=spoil= ruin

  这些动词都带有破坏,损害的意思。在很多情况下也可以换用。

  • impair sth ( vt.) 损害;削弱;

  harm sth / do harm to sth

  hurt sth

  [例句] Foreign competition has hurt the company’s position in the market. 来自国外的竞争已经对这家公司的市场地位造成损害。

  • damage v.

  damage sth (one’s health; reputation; career; confidence)

  cause damage to ......

  [例句] Incidents of this type cause irreparable damage to relations with the community. 此类事件对与该团体的关系造成不可挽回的伤害。

  也常作名词使用,搭配成相应的短语词组

  environmental damage 环境损害;破坏环境

  serious damage 严重损害;严重损坏

  brain damage 脑损伤

  fatigue damage 疲劳损伤;疲劳损坏

  • undermine sb’s confidence/authority/position/credibility etc

  也用来指破坏,危害一直试图做成的事

  • spoil v. 破坏,糟蹋 〔通常指破坏某事物的美或趣味等〕

  [例句]The new buildings will spoil the view. 当地居民称新建筑会破坏景观

  [例句]The whole park is spoiled by litter. 整个公园环境都给垃圾破坏了。

  • pose a threat to 对…造成威胁

  threaten sb/sth

  [例句] Food shortages and escalating prices pose a threat to its food security. 食品短缺和不断上涨的食品价格对该国的食品安全构成了威胁。

  • pose a challenge to ....

  [例句] High unemployment rate could pose a challenge to social stability. 高失业率可能对社会稳定构成挑战。

  4. 恶化,加剧,变严重

  • deteriorates (vi.)

  [例句] The ecological environment deteriorates gradually. 生态环境日趋恶化。

  deterioration 常构成相应的短语词组

  mental deterioration 精神衰退

  intellectual deterioration 智力衰退

  Credit deterioration 信用恶化

  environmental deterioration 环境恶化

  • aggravate (vt)

  [例句] Their money problems were further aggravated by a rise in interest rates. 由于利率上调,他们的财务问题更加严重。

  [例句] Stress and lack of sleep can aggravate the health problem. 紧张和缺少睡眠会使情况恶化。

  • worsen vi/vt

  Sth worsen

  sth worsen it

  5. 提高,加强: improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize= stimulate =boost=increase

  • improve 较通用,可作及物也可作不及物动词用。

  Improve social skills/ English / efficiency / living standard

  • enhance 提高( its value, quality, or attractiveness )

  • promote 促进,增进

  promote economic growth

  Promote the cultural communication and interaction between....and.... (= contribute to/towards the mutual understanding )

  另有晋升的意思someone is promoted

  • strengthen 使变强;加强 ( 与weaken正好相反)

  ~Feeling /belief/ relationship感情/信仰/关系

  ~Team /army 增强团队/军队实力

  ~Financial situation (使)改善财政状况

  • To optimize( a plan, system, or machine)使优化

  6. 激发,鼓励: encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur=inspire =impel= prompt

  • motivate sb to do sth 激励某人做某事

  [例句] The profit-sharing plan is designed to motivate the staff to work hard. 利润分红计划旨在激励员工努力工作。

  • stimulate sb to do sth

  [例句] An inspiring teacher can stimulate students to succeed. 一位具启发能力的教师能够激励学生取得成功。

  •spur sb (on) to do sth

  [例句] His misfortunes spurred him to write. 他的不幸遭遇激励着他写作。

  spur sb (on) to sth

  [例句] The coach who spurred him on to Olympic success 鞭策他在奥运会上取得成功的教练

  [例句] Lower taxes would spur investment and help economic growth. 降低税率将刺激投资,有助于经济增长。

  • inspire sb to do sth 激发某人做某事

  • impel sb to do sth 促使某人去做某事

  [例句] It is the increasing peer pressure that impels many youngsters to start smoking or drinking at an early age. 越来越多的同龄人的压力迫使许多年轻人在很小的时候就开始抽烟或喝酒。

  • prompt sb to do sth 促使某人做某事

  7. 想要,渴望做某事:

  一讲到想做某事时,学生们常会不由自主地想起want to do sth ;其实还有很多常见的相近表达

  long to do sth/ Be eager to do sth/ Look forward to doing sth 渴望做某事

  be desperate to do sth 极度渴望做某事

  be determined to do sth 决心做某事

  intend to do 想要去做某事,打算去做

  be willing to do 乐意做某事

  be more likely to do sth 更有可能做某事

  tend to do sth 倾向做某事

  8.完成: complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve

  • fulfill one’s potential

  [例句]Employees may feel they cannot fulfill their professional potential when their work is not valued by their employers.(C7)

  • achieve one’s potential

  [相关词组延伸]

  Restrict one’s potential 限制某人的潜力

  Stifle creativity /imagination 扼杀创造力/想象力

  Foster/stimulate creativity 培养/刺激创造力

  9.减轻: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten

  • relieve one’s academic / financial /psychological burden 减轻学业/经济/心理负担

  [例句] Part-time jobs help students to relieve their parents’ financial burdens. Nevertheless, working on a part-time basis may create psychological burdens for the students themselves.

  • relieve poverty/pain/traffic congestion 缓解贫困/痛苦/交通拥堵

  10. 解决问题

  • 解决: solve = resolve = address = tackle

  • 处理,应对 cope with = deal with=handle

  take some measures to resolve/solve/address/ tackle the problem

  当后面宾语加的是issue, problem的时候,这几个词基本上是可以互换的

  其次常用的表达:

  tackle/solve /address poverty, tackle/solve pollution

  Solve a murder; solve a crime/ a case

  address/solve/tackle challenges

  以上十组表达在雅思写作中同学们可以熟练地运用起来,帮助自己表达清楚意思。

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